The US government reopened on Monday with about 800,000 federal workers returning after a 35-day shutdown triggered by President Donald Trump’s demand for a border wall as politicians geared up for talks to avoid another standoff in three weeks. The longest shutdown in US history ended on Friday when Trump and Congress agreed to temporary government funding – without money for his wall – as effects of the shutdown intensified across the country. Throughout the five-week shutdown, the US economy lost about $11bn during the five-week period, the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office (CBO) said. But CBO expects $8bn to be recovered as the government reopens and federal workers receive back pay. The CBO said the cost of the shutdown will make the US economy 0.02 percent smaller than expected in 2019. But researchers said more significant effects will be felt by individual businesses and workers, particularly those who went without pay. Trump had demanded $5.7bn in funding to help build his long-promised wall along the US-Mexico border, which he says is necessary to stop irregular immigration, human trafficking and drug smuggling. It remained to be seen how politicians planned to address border security before the February 15 deadline to avoid another closure. A committee of politicians from both parties will try to negotiate a compromise on border security as Congress prepared to reconvene on Monday. “There will have to be compromise,” US Representative Dan Kildee, a member of the House Democratic leadership, told CNN in an interview on Monday. He urged fellow politicians to ignore Trump’s wall rhetoric and “put our heads down and do our job”. Trump has vowed to shut down the government again unless an acceptable border deal is reached. On Sunday, he expressed scepticism that such an agreement could be made. He also left open the possibility of declaring a national emergency to get money for the wall, an extraordinary move that Democrats and some Republicans have vowed to fight and that would likely face a court challenge.
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